24 - The Sign of Nine


ISSUE No. 24

Vedic Mathematics is becoming increasingly popular as more and more people are introduced to the beautifully unified and easy Vedic methods. The purpose of this Newsletter is to provide information about developments in education and research and books, articles, courses, talks etc., and also to bring together those working with Vedic Mathematics. If you are working with Vedic Mathematics - teaching it or doing research - please contact us and let us include you and some description of your work in the Newsletter. Perhaps you would like to submit an article for inclusion in a later issue or tell us about a course or talk you will be giving or have given.

If you are learning Vedic Maths, let us know how you are getting on and what you think of this system.


This issue’s article is by Dr Abhijit Das who teaches Vedic Mathematics in India and has many other interests and talents.

THE SIGN OF NINE (maybe a touch of Sherlock Holmes there!)

I have a method for multiplying any number with 9, 19, 29 etc. ie any number ending with a 9. It's very fast. You can use it for any multiplier ending with 9. 2 by 2 digits or 1 by 2 digits will take a few seconds. It is truly an 'at-sight' calculation. I came up with this method about 25 years ago in school but never thought of publishing or letting anyone know. Here it is...

A few meanings/tips:

If you put the number ending with 9 or 9 itself on the left (it should be since it's easier for the eyes to follow) then the number ending with 9 or 9 itself (as the case may be) is the multiplicand. The other number is the multiplier.

A complement is the difference of the number from 10.

Multiplying with single digit multiplicands can be done like lightning!

Say you want to multiply 29 x 6. You calculate this way - the first digit of the multiplicand is multiplied by the multiplier and the product is added to one less than the multiplier. This is the first part of the answer. The second part is the complement of the multiplier. So the calculation would be 2 x 6 is 12 and 12 + 5 is 17 and the complement of 6 is 4; so the answer is 174 and that works for all.

Isn't that fast?

Take another example, 49 x 7...  so 28 + 6 is 34 and 3 so 343. (Always write the digits ending with 9 on the left. It is easier for the eye to follow and work out the calculation.)

39 x 7 is 21 + 6  which is 27 and the complement is 3; so 273.

Now this can be extended to two digits.

Say 29 x 15. You do the same thing 2 x 15 is 30 + 13 (in this case two less than 15) The way this is worked out is to see the first number of the multiplier. You subtract one more than the first number. So 15 has a 1, so you subtract 2. The last number is the complement of the last digit of the multiplier. So the calculation is (looking at the sum) 2 x 15 is 30 plus 13 is 43 and then 5. So the answer would be 435. Once you get used to the concept it is very fast.

So a sum like 39 x 25 would be calculated like this and fast ... you look at the sum and say, 75 + 22 is 97 and 5 so 975. With practice the two digit ones are also very fast. Concept wise one digit ones are actually the same since in 49 x 4 (4 is 04 so 1 more than 0 is 1) therefore it is one less than 4. In this case 196.

This works even for bigger numbers. Say 49 x 112. In this case it will be 4 x112 + 100 (12 less than 112 since 11 is the first number) which is 448 + 100 =  548 and the last number is 8. So the answer is 5488.

A few more examples,

9 x 34 = 0 x 34 + 30 is 30 and 6. So the product is 306. So for multiplication of nines go straight for the addition since the first part will always be a zero. So 9 x 45 is 45 + 40/5…855.

19 x 34 is 34 + 30/6 = 646

29 x 56 is 112 + 50/4 = 1624

49 x 6 is 24 + 5/4 =294

69 x 9 is 62/1

39 x 24 is 93/6

I have at present extended this concept of 'at sight' multiplication to multiplication with 6, 8 and numbers ending with 8. I think there is lots of scope in this field. Any takers…?




“It is the responsibility of educators to supply the missing fundamental in the field of education – the knowledge and experience of consciousness”

A teaching vacancy has become available from September 2002 for a suitably qualified maths teacher for years 7-11, leading to examinations at GCSE.

This is a wonderful opportunity for a dedicated teacher to be part of the team at the forefront of Maharishi’s Consciousness-Based Education in Europe.

Enjoy the advantages of teaching small, highly motivated classes in a friendly working environment and living in Europe’s largest coherence-creating group in Skelmersdale.  The cost of living in this part of the North West is very favourable and the school is situated in the pleasant greenbelt area on the northern outskirts of Skelmersdale, just one mile from the Maharishi Golden Dome.

The remuneration package is as follows:

•  Basic salary in the region of £14,500

•  Significantly reduced school fees for staff children

•  Additional benefit payment (£1000 approx) if no children in school

•  Free Maharishi Ayurveda consultations

•  Special discount on Maharishi Ayurveda products and treatments

•  School contributions to knowledge and rounding courses

•  Teachers’ pension arrangements

If you think you may be interested, please contact me for further details or an informal discussion.  Better still, come and visit the school – you would be most welcome.

Derek Cassells, Head Teacher, Maharishi School

Tel:  01695 729912  Fax:  01695 729030


[This school teaches Vedic Mathematics]


Inaugural Conference of the Vedic Mathematics Society. At Regent's College, Regent's Park on Saturday 15th June 2002, 9.00am to 5.00pm.
9am Registration
9.30 Welcome
9.45 Vedic Mathematics - origin and aims
10.30 Tea or coffee
11.00 Demonstrations: introductory - first steps OR More advanced topics
12.30 Lunch break
1.45 Workshops: Recurring Decimals OR Exploring Platonic Solids fro the inside
3.00 Tea or coffee
3.30 Lecture
4.45 Round up

You can either register on the day or book in advance.

For advance bookings contact, School of Economic Science,
13 Addiscombe Grove, Croydon, CR0 5LR
or tel: 0208688 2642

Fresh series of VM workshops planned in Mumbai, INDIA

from July 1st week; for further enquiries contact the Pune branch of Motilal Banarsidass: Tel # (020) or 95-20-4486190 Also keep looking for Motilal Banarsidass Ads in Mumbai.


Some software has been written by LXMedia of Edinburgh to accompany the book “The Natural Calculator”. It will generate sums of your chosen size, tell you if you are right (and give you the answer if you get it wrong) and also the percentage of answers correct. This is a well-written piece of software that is very user friendly and it can be downloaded for free from: http://lxmedia.netfirms.com


Is there anyone working in the area of developable surfaces, especially in relation to Vedic Mathematics. If so can you please let us know at mailto:


A reference to Vedic Mathematics in article in The Financial Times, 4th, 5th May elicited at least two letters to the editor in response, including the one below.

Dear Editor,

Regarding your recent article "The Saffron Revolution" by Edward Luce I would like to object to the labelling of Vedic Mathematics as of "dubious academic standing". I know this was a quote from an Indian historian rather than the author of the article but the Vedic system of mathematics is without doubt superior to the mathematics 'system' generally taught and used. It is more coherent and integrated as a system, more effective and efficient in practice and easier and more fun to learn.

It has been taught in schools in this country for years and a school course, "The Cosmic Calculator" has recently been published that follows the National Curriculum for England and Wales. Many courses have been given in many countries to teachers, students, academics etc. who marvel at the contrast with conventional mathematics. And many academic papers have been written describing and developing this system, which holds huge potential both educationally and in terms of research.


The article mentioned in the last newsletter on a business application of the Sutra Anurupye Sunyam Anyat was published in the December 10-23, 2001 issue of Business India, column Accountancy, page 95.

It can be viewed at http://www.vmacademy.com


If you have sent an email to or between 16th May and 24th May please can you resend if you did not get a reply. If you know of anyone who has tried to subscribe to the newsletter since the last one on 15th April please ask them to resend their message, even if they had a reply. This is due to a computer crash.



If you want to know about Vedic Mathematics Workshops or research in India send an email to Mr R. P. Jain at


Your comments about this Newsletter are invited.

If you would like to send us details about your work or submit an article for inclusion please let us know on

Previous issues of this Newsletter can be copied from the Web Site: www.vedicmaths.org

Issue 1: An Introduction
Issue 2: "So What's so Special about Vedic Mathematics?"
Issue 3: Sri Bharati Krsna Tirthaji: More than a Mathematical Genius
Issue 4: The Vedic Numerical Code
Issue 5: "Mathematics of the Millennium"- Seminar in Singapore
Issue 6: The Sutras of Vedic Mathematics
Issue 7: The Vedic Square
Issue 8: The Nine Point Circle
Issue 9: The Vedic Triangle
Issue 10: Proof of Goldbach's Conjecture
Issue 11: Is Knowledge Essentially Simple?
Issue 12: Left to Right or Right to Left?
Issue 13: The Vinculum and other Devices
Issue 14: 1,2,3,4: Pythagoras and the Cosmology of Number
Issue 15: A Descriptive Preparatory Note on the Astounding Wonders of Ancient Indian Vedic Mathematics
Issue 16: Vedic Matrix
Issue 17: Vedic Sources of Vedic Mathematics
Issue 18: 9 by 9 Division Table
Issue 19: “Maths Mantra”
Issue 20: Numeracy
Issue 21: Only a Matter of 16 Sutras
Issue 22: Multiplication on the Fingertips
Issue 23: India’s System of Mental Mathematics

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Editor: Kenneth Williams

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25th May 2002


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